Richard Wagner revolutionierte die Oper, beeinflusste die Musikgeschichte, baute sich ein eigenes Festspielhaus und gilt bis heute als typischer Deutscher. Um Wagner im Nationalsozialismus geht es in der neuen Diskussionsreihe "Diskurs Bayreuth" im Richard Wagner Museum. Zum Thema. Hauptwerke. Übersicht über die Hauptwerke von Richard Wagner, welche regelmäßig bei den Bayreuther Festspielen aufgeführt werden. Der Ring des.
Wie viel Hitler steckt in Wagner?Hauptwerke. Übersicht über die Hauptwerke von Richard Wagner, welche regelmäßig bei den Bayreuther Festspielen aufgeführt werden. Der Ring des. Wagners Mutter heiratet den Schauspieler, Dichter und Maler Ludwig Geyer Bis zu seiner Konfirmation trägt Wagner den Familiennamen seines. Wilhelm Richard Wagner (* Mai in Leipzig; † Februar in Venedig) war ein deutscher Komponist, Dramatiker, Dichter, Schriftsteller.
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As of October , 23 volumes have appeared, covering the period to Wagner's later musical style introduced new ideas in harmony, melodic process leitmotif and operatic structure.
Notably from Tristan und Isolde onwards, he explored the limits of the traditional tonal system, which gave keys and chords their identity, pointing the way to atonality in the 20th century.
Some music historians date the beginning of modern classical music to the first notes of Tristan , which include the so-called Tristan chord.
Wagner inspired great devotion. For a long period, many composers were inclined to align themselves with or against Wagner's music. Wagner made a major contribution to the principles and practice of conducting.
His essay "About Conducting"  advanced Hector Berlioz 's technique of conducting and claimed that conducting was a means by which a musical work could be re-interpreted, rather than simply a mechanism for achieving orchestral unison.
He exemplified this approach in his own conducting, which was significantly more flexible than the disciplined approach of Felix Mendelssohn ; in his view this also justified practices that would today be frowned upon, such as the rewriting of scores.
Amongst those claiming inspiration from Wagner's music are the German band Rammstein ,  and the electronic composer Klaus Schulze , whose album Timewind consists of two minute tracks, Bayreuth Return and Wahnfried Friedrich Nietzsche was a member of Wagner's inner circle during the early s, and his first published work, The Birth of Tragedy , proposed Wagner's music as the Dionysian "rebirth" of European culture in opposition to Apollonian rationalist "decadence".
Nietzsche broke with Wagner following the first Bayreuth Festival, believing that Wagner's final phase represented a pandering to Christian pieties and a surrender to the new German Reich.
In the 20th century, W. Auden once called Wagner "perhaps the greatest genius that ever lived",  while Thomas Mann  and Marcel Proust  were heavily influenced by him and discussed Wagner in their novels.
He is also discussed in some of the works of James Joyce. Many of Wagner's concepts, including his speculation about dreams, predated their investigation by Sigmund Freud.
Wagner's concept of the use of leitmotifs and the integrated musical expression which they can enable has influenced many 20th and 21st century film scores.
The critic Theodor Adorno has noted that the Wagnerian leitmotif "leads directly to cinema music where the sole function of the leitmotif is to announce heroes or situations so as to allow the audience to orient itself more easily".
David Cronenberg and Melancholia dir. Lars von Trier. Not all reaction to Wagner was positive. For a time, German musical life divided into two factions, supporters of Wagner and supporters of Johannes Brahms ; the latter, with the support of the powerful critic Eduard Hanslick of whom Beckmesser in Meistersinger is in part a caricature championed traditional forms and led the conservative front against Wagnerian innovations.
I do not like all the music of Berlioz while appreciating his marvellous understanding of certain instrumental effects Wagner is not a musician, he is a disease.
Even those who, like Debussy, opposed Wagner "this old poisoner"  could not deny his influence.
Indeed, Debussy was one of many composers, including Tchaikovsky, who felt the need to break with Wagner precisely because his influence was so unmistakable and overwhelming.
Wagner's followers known as Wagnerians or Wagnerites  have formed many societies dedicated to Wagner's life and work. Wagner has been the subject of many biographical films.
The earliest was a silent film made by Carl Froelich in and featured in the title role the composer Giuseppe Becce , who also wrote the score for the film as Wagner's music, still in copyright, was not available.
Jonathan Harvey 's opera Wagner Dream intertwines the events surrounding Wagner's death with the story of Wagner's uncompleted opera outline Die Sieger The Victors.
Since Wagner's death, the Bayreuth Festival, which has become an annual event, has been successively directed by his widow, his son Siegfried, the latter's widow Winifred Wagner , their two sons Wieland and Wolfgang Wagner , and, presently, two of the composer's great-granddaughters, Eva Wagner-Pasquier and Katharina Wagner.
Wagner's operas, writings, politics, beliefs and unorthodox lifestyle made him a controversial figure during his lifetime. Wagner's hostile writings on Jews, including Jewishness in Music , corresponded to some existing trends of thought in Germany during the 19th century;  however, despite his very public views on these themes, throughout his life Wagner had Jewish friends, colleagues and supporters.
The characters of Alberich and Mime in the Ring , Sixtus Beckmesser in Die Meistersinger, and Klingsor in Parsifal are sometimes claimed as Jewish representations, though they are not identified as such in the librettos of these operas.
Some biographers have noted that Wagner in his final years developed interest in the racialist philosophy of Arthur de Gobineau , notably Gobineau's belief that Western society was doomed because of miscegenation between "superior" and "inferior" races.
Wagner's ideas are amenable to socialist interpretations; many of his ideas on art were being formulated at the time of his revolutionary inclinations in the s.
Left-wing interpretations of Wagner also inform the writings of Theodor Adorno among other Wagner critics.
The writer Robert Donington has produced a detailed, if controversial, Jungian interpretation of the Ring cycle, described as "an approach to Wagner by way of his symbols", which, for example, sees the character of the goddess Fricka as part of her husband Wotan's "inner femininity".
Adolf Hitler was an admirer of Wagner's music and saw in his operas an embodiment of his own vision of the German nation; in a speech he claimed that Wagner's works glorified "the heroic Teutonic nature Greatness lies in the heroic.
While Bayreuth presented a useful front for Nazi culture, and Wagner's music was used at many Nazi events,  the Nazi hierarchy as a whole did not share Hitler's enthusiasm for Wagner's operas and resented attending these lengthy epics at Hitler's insistence.
Guido Fackler has researched evidence that indicates that it is possible that Wagner's music was used at the Dachau concentration camp in —34 to "reeducate" political prisoners by exposure to "national music".
Because of the associations of Wagner with antisemitism and Nazism, the performance of his music in the State of Israel has been a source of controversy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For others with the surname, see Wagner surname. For other uses, see Wagner disambiguation and Richard Wagner disambiguation.
German composer. The opening of Tristan und Isolde , featuring the 'Tristan chord'. See also: List of films using the music of Richard Wagner.
Main article: List of films about Richard Wagner. Main article: Bayreuth Festival. Main article: Wagner controversies. Except for Carl Julius becoming a goldsmith, all his siblings developed careers connected with the stage.
Wagner also had a younger half-sister, Caecilie, born in to his mother and her second husband Geyer. That shift was so great that it opened up a complete theoretical contrast between his earlier and his later aesthetic beliefs.
Biddiss , in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , as a "racialist writer". John for a detailed essay on music in the Nazi death camps, which nowhere mentions Wagner.
See also Potter "We know from testimonies that concentration camp orchestras played [all sorts of] music However, after the war, unsubstantiated claims that Wagner's music accompanied Jews to their death took on momentum.
Retrieved 24 May Family Letters of Richard Wagner. See also Millington , Others agree on the profound importance of this work to Wagner — see Magee —4.
Magee —8. Dahlhaus The later essays and articles are reprinted in Wagner e. Weiner 66— Entry of 28 March Letter from Wagner to the King of 19 September Historisch-kritische Gesamtausgabe" on the University of Würzburg website, accessed 29 October Accessed 24 December Letter from Alkan to Hiller 31 January Gutman and Adorno 12— See also Field See also the Music and the Holocaust website.
Prose works by Wagner Wagner, Richard ed. Frankfurt am Main. Wagner, Richard ed. Norton and Company. Wagner, Richard tr.
Wagner's partly unreliable autobiography, covering his life to , written between and and first published privately in German in a small edition between and The first edited public edition appeared in Gray's translation is the most comprehensive available.
Wagner, Richard, Collected Prose Works tr. Ashton Ellis. Wagner, Richard c , vol. How to Paint or Stain a Deck. How to Paint Kitchen Cabinets.
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