Craps bzw. Craps shooting oder Seven Eleven ist ein Würfelspiel, das sich vor allem in den USA großer Beliebtheit erfreut. Craps ist eine Vereinfachung des alt-englischen Spiels Hazard, die Bernard de Mandeville aus New Orleans im Jahre Am Craps Spieltisch sind vier Casino-Angestellte anwesend (der “boxman", zwei Croupiers und der "stickman"), die den Spieler beraten können. Das Spiel: Der ". Craps ist ein sehr spannendes Würfelspiel, dass man aus diversen Kinofilmen kennt (z.B. „Ein unmoralisches Angebot“ mit Demi Moore und Robert Redford).
Spieltutorial für CrapsErfahren Sie alles, was Sie über Craps wissen müssen: die Geschichte, die Regeln, wie das Wetten funktioniert u. v. m. shooting oder Seven Eleven ist ein Würfelspiel, das sich vor allem in den USA großer Beliebtheit erfreut. Craps bzw. Craps shooting oder Seven Eleven ist ein Würfelspiel, das sich vor allem in den USA großer Beliebtheit erfreut. Craps ist eine Vereinfachung des alt-englischen Spiels Hazard, die Bernard de Mandeville aus New Orleans im Jahre
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Calculation of the player's edge for all the major bets in craps. House edge for all the major craps bets. Basic craps Statistics One question I get asked a lot is "what is the probability of a shooter lasting x rolls in craps?
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Craps News. Additional Craps Articles. The probability of dice combinations determine the odds of the payout.
The following chart shows the dice combinations needed to roll each number. The two and twelve are the hardest to roll since only one combination of dice is possible.
The game of craps is built around the dice roll of seven, since it is the most easily rolled dice combination. The expected value of all bets is usually negative, such that the average player will always lose money.
This is because the house always sets the paid odds to below the actual odds. However, this "free odds" bet cannot be made independently, so the expected value of the entire bet, including odds, is still negative.
Since there is no correlation between die rolls, there is normally no possible long-term winning strategy in craps. There are occasional promotional variants that provide either no house edge or even a player edge.
One example is a field bet that pays on 12 and on either 3 or This is sometimes seen at casinos running limited-time incentives, in jurisdictions or gaming houses that require the game to be fair, or in layouts for use in informal settings using play money.
No casino currently runs a craps table with a bet that yields a player edge full-time. Maximizing the size of the odds bet in relation to the line bet will reduce, but never eliminate the house edge, and will increase variance.
Most casinos have a limit on how large the odds bet can be in relation to the line bet, with single, double, and five times odds common. Some casinos offer 3—4—5 odds, referring to the maximum multiple of the line bet a player can place in odds for the points of 4 and 10, 5 and 9, and 6 and 8, respectively.
During promotional periods, a casino may even offer x odds bets, which reduces the house edge to almost nothing, but dramatically increases variance, as the player will be betting in large betting units.
Since several of the multiple roll bets pay off in ratios of fractions on the dollar, it is important that the player bets in multiples that will allow a correct payoff in complete dollars.
Normally, payoffs will be rounded down to the nearest dollar, resulting in a higher house advantage. These bets include all place bets, taking odds, and buying on numbers 6, 8, 5, and 9, as well as laying all numbers.
These variants depend on the casino and the table, and sometimes a casino will have different tables that use or omit these variants and others.
When craps is played in a casino, all bets have a house advantage. There may be players who are lucky and get ahead for a period of time, but in the long run these winning streaks are eroded away.
One can slow, but not eliminate, one's average losses by only placing bets with the smallest house advantage.
The place bets and buy bets differ from the pass line and come line, in that place bets and buy bets can be removed at any time, since, while they are multi-roll bets, their odds of winning do not change from roll to roll, whereas pass line bets and come line bets are a combination of different odds on their first roll and subsequent rolls.
The first roll of a pass line bet is advantage for the player 8 wins, 4 losses , but it's "paid for" by subsequent rolls that are at the same disadvantage to the player as the don't pass bets were at an advantage.
As such, they cannot profitably let you take down the bet after the first roll. This bet generally has a higher house edge than place betting, unless the casino offers high odds.
Conversely, you can take back pick up a don't pass or don't come bet after the first roll, but this cannot be recommended, because you already endured the disadvantaged part of the combination — the first roll.
On that come-out roll, you win just 3 times 2 and 3 , while losing 8 of them 7 and 11 and pushing one 12 out of the 36 possible rolls.
On the other 24 rolls that become a point, your don't pass bet is now to your advantage by 4 and 10 , 5 and 9 and 6 and 8.
However, players can still make standard lay bets odds on any of the point numbers 4,5,6,8,9, Among these, and the remaining numbers and possible bets, there are a myriad of systems and progressions that can be used with many combinations of numbers.
An important alternative metric is house advantage per roll rather than per bet , which may be expressed in loss per hour. Besides the rules of the game itself, a number of formal and informal rules are commonly applied in the table form of Craps, especially when played in a casino.
To reduce the potential opportunity for switching dice by sleight-of-hand , players are not supposed to handle the dice with more than one hand such as shaking them in cupped hands before rolling nor take the dice past the edge of the table.
If a player wishes to change shooting hands, they may set the dice on the table, let go, then take them with the other hand.
When throwing the dice, the player is expected to hit the farthest wall at the opposite end of the table these walls are typically augmented with pyramidal structures to ensure highly unpredictable bouncing after impact.
Casinos will sometimes allow a roll that does not hit the opposite wall as long as the dice are thrown past the middle of the table; a very short roll will be nullified as a "no roll".
The dice may not be slid across the table and must be tossed. Players are generally asked not to throw the dice above a certain height such as the eye level of the dealers.
This is both for the safety of those around the table, and to eliminate the potential use of such a throw as a distraction device in order to cheat.
Dice are still considered "in play" if they land on players' bets on the table, the dealer's working stacks, on the marker puck, or with one die resting on top of the other.
The roll is invalid if either or both dice land in the boxman's bank, the stickman's bowl where the extra three dice are kept between rolls , or in the rails around the top of the table where players chips are kept.
If one or both dice hits a player or dealer and rolls back onto the table, the roll counts as long as the person being hit did not intentionally interfere with either of the dice, though some casinos will rule "no roll" for this situation.
If one or both leave the table, it is also a "no roll", and the dice may either be replaced or examined by the boxman and returned to play.
Shooters may wish to "set" the dice to a particular starting configuration before throwing such as showing a particular number or combination, stacking the dice, or spacing them to be picked up between different fingers , but if they do, they are often asked to be quick about it so as not to delay the game.
Some casinos disallow such rituals to speed up the pace of the game. In most casinos, players are not allowed to hand anything directly to dealers, and vice versa.
Items such as cash, checks, and chips are exchanged by laying them down on the table; for example, when "buying in" paying cash for chips , players are expected to place the cash on the layout: the dealer will take it and then place the chips in front of the player.
This rule is enforced in order to allow the casino to easily monitor and record all transfers via overhead surveillance cameras, and to reduce the opportunity for cheating via sleight-of-hand.
Most casinos prohibit "call bets", and may have a warning such as "No Call Bets" printed on the layout to make this clear.
This means a player may not call out a bet without also placing the corresponding chips on the table.
Such a rule reduces the potential for misunderstanding in loud environments, as well as disputes over the amount that the player intended to bet after the outcome has been decided.
Some casinos choose to allow call bets once players have bought-in. When allowed, they are usually made when a player wishes to bet at the last second, immediately before the dice are thrown, to avoid the risk of obstructing the roll.
Craps is among the most social and most superstitious of all gambling games, which leads to an enormous variety of informal rules of etiquette that players may be expected to follow.
Tipping the dealers is universal and expected in Craps. As in most other casino games, a player may simply place or toss chips onto the table and say, "For the dealers", "For the crew", etc.
In craps, it is also common to place a bet for the dealers. This is usually done one of three ways: by placing an ordinary bet and simply declaring it for the dealers, as a "two-way", or "on top".
A "Two-Way" is a bet for both parties: for example, a player may toss in two chips and say "Two Way Hard Eight", which will be understood to mean one chip for the player and one chip for the dealers.
Players may also place a stack of chips for a bet as usual, but leave the top chip off-center and announce "on top for the dealers".
In some cases, players may also tip each other, for example as a show of gratitude to the thrower for a roll on which they win a substantial bet.
Craps players routinely practice a wide range of superstitious behaviors, and may expect or demand these from other players as well.
Most prominently, it is universally considered bad luck to say the word "seven" after the "come-out", a roll of 7 is a loss for "pass" bets.
Dealers themselves often make significant efforts to avoid calling out the number. When necessary, participants may refer to seven with a "nickname" such as "Big Red" or just "Red" , "the S-word", etc.
Although no wagering system can consistently beat casino games based on independent trials such as craps, that does not stop gamblers from believing in them.
One of the best known systems is the Martingale System. In this strategy, the gambler doubles his bet after every loss. After a win, the bet is reset to the original bet.
The theory is that the first win would recover all previous losses plus win a profit equal to the original stake.
Other systems depend on the gambler's fallacy, which in craps terms is the belief that past dice rolls influence the probabilities of future dice rolls.
For example, the gambler's fallacy indicates that a craps player should bet on eleven if an eleven has not appeared or has appeared too often in the last 20 rolls.
In practice this can be observed as players respond to a roll such as a Hard Six with an immediate wager on the Hard Six.
Even if the dice are actually biased toward particular results "loaded" , each roll is still independent of all the previous ones.
The common term to describe this is "dice have no memory". Another approach is to "set" the dice in a particular orientation, and then throw them in such a manner that they do not tumble randomly.
The theory is that given exactly the same throw from exactly the same starting configuration, the dice will tumble in the same way and therefore show the same or similar values every time.
Casinos take steps to prevent this. The dice are usually required to hit the back wall of the table, which is normally faced with an angular texture such as pyramids, making controlled spins more difficult.
There has been no independent evidence that such methods can be successfully applied in a real casino. Bank craps is a variation of the original craps game and is sometimes known as Las Vegas Craps.
This variant is quite popular in Nevada gambling houses, and its availability online has now made it a globally played game. Bank craps uses a special table layout and all bets must be made against the house.
In Bank Craps, the dice are thrown over a wire or a string that is normally stretched a few inches from the table's surface.
Generally, if the word "craps" is used without any modifier, it can be inferred to mean this version of the game, to which most of this article refers.
Crapless craps, also known as Bastard Craps, is a simple version of the original craps game, and is normally played as an online private game.
The biggest difference between crapless craps and original craps, is that the shooter person throwing the dice is at a far greater disadvantage and has a house edge of 5.
Another difference is that this is one of the craps games in which a player can bet on rolling a 2, 3, 11 or 12 before a 7 is thrown. In crapless craps, 2 and 12 have odds of and have a house edge of 7.
New York Craps is one of the variations of craps played mostly in the Eastern coast of the US, true to its name. History states that this game was actually found and played in casinos in Yugoslavia, the UK and the Bahamas.
In this craps variant, the house edge is greater than Las Vegas Craps or Bank craps. The table layout is also different, and is called a double-end-dealer table.
This variation is different from the original craps game in several ways, but the primary difference is that New York craps doesn't allow Come or Don't Come bets.
New York Craps Players bet on box numbers like 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or In order to get around California laws barring the payout of a game being directly related to the roll of dice, Indian reservations have adapted the game to substitute cards for dice.
In one variation, there are no dice at all. Two shoes are used, each containing some number of regular card decks that have been stripped down to just the Aces and deuces through sixes.
The boxman simply deals one card from each shoe and that is the roll on which bets are settled. In a similar variation, cards representing dice are dealt directly from a continuous shuffling machine CSM.
Typically, the CSM will hold approximately cards, or 44 sets of 1 through 6 spot cards. Two cards are dealt from the CSM for each roll.
The game is played exactly as regular craps, but the roll distribution of the remaining cards in the CSM is slightly skewed from the normal symmetric distribution of dice.
Even if the dealer were to shuffle each roll back into the CSM, the effect of buffering a number of cards in the chute of the CSM provides information about the skew of the next roll.
Analysis shows this type of game is biased towards the don't pass and don't come bets. To replicate the original dice odds exactly without dice or possibility of card-counting, another scheme uses two shuffle machines with just one deck of Ace through 6 each.
Each machine selects one of the 6 cards at random and this is the roll. The selected cards are replaced and the decks are reshuffled for the next roll.
In this game variation, one red deck and one blue deck of six cards each A through 6 , and a red die and a blue die are used. Each deck is shuffled separately, usually by machine.
Each card is then dealt onto the layout, into the 6 red and 6 blue numbered boxes. The shooter then shoots the dice.
The red card in the red-numbered box corresponding to the red die, and the blue card in the blue-numbered box corresponding to the blue die are then turned over to form the roll on which bets are settled.
Another variation uses a red and a blue deck of 36 custom playing cards each. Each card has a picture of a two-die roll on it — from 1—1 to 6—6.
The shooter shoots what looks like a red and a blue die, called "cubes". They are numbered such that they can never throw a pair, and that the blue one will show a higher value than the red one exactly half the time.
One such scheme could be on the red die and on the blue die. One card is dealt from the red deck and one is dealt from the blue deck.
The shooter throws the "cubes" and the color of the cube that is higher selects the color of the card to be used to settle bets.
On one such table, an additional one-roll prop bet was offered: If the card that was turned over for the "roll" was either 1—1 or 6—6, the other card was also turned over.
If the other card was the "opposite" 6—6 or 1—1, respectively of the first card, the bet paid for this proposition.
And additional variation uses a single set of 6 cards, and regular dice. The roll of the dice maps to the card in that position, and if a pair is rolled, then the mapped card is used twice, as a pair.
Recreational or informal playing of craps outside of a casino is referred to as street craps or private craps.
The most notable difference between playing street craps and bank craps is that there is no bank or house to cover bets in street craps.
Players must bet against each other by covering or fading each other's bets for the game to be played. If money is used instead of chips and depending on the laws of where it is being played, street craps can be an illegal form of gambling.
There are many variations of street craps. The simplest way is to either agree on or roll a number as the point, then roll the point again before you roll a seven.
Unlike more complex proposition bets offered by casinos, street craps has more simplified betting options. The shooter is required to make either a Pass or a Don't Pass bet if he wants to roll the dice.
Another player must choose to cover the shooter to create a stake for the game to continue. Throw your chips onto the table and tell the dealer what kind of bet you wish to make.
A lay bet is the opposite of a place bet. You bet that the shooter rolls a 7 before they roll the number you bet on. The payout for these bets are not as good as odds bets.
You get odds on 4 and 10, odds on 5 and 9, and odds on 6 or 8. Lay chips below your pass line bet if you wish to make an odds bet.
The odds bet is a side game while you wait for the shooter to roll their point number. When you place an odds bet, you guess that the shooter will roll the point number instead of a 7.
The odds bet happens only after the come-out roll and you can only do it if you made a line or come bet.
Like with the original line bet, play continues until the shooter wins or loses. You get odds for a 4 or 10, odds for a 5 or 9, and odds for a 6 or 8.
Odds bets are simple and pay true odds. Winning is up to pure chance. Most casinos offer 3, 4, or even 5x odds tables. That means you get to bet as much as 5 times your pass bet.
Some casinos allow even higher odds bets. Make proposition bets in the middle of the table. Proposition bets are all single roll bets and they are separate from the main part of the game.
Once you get more accustomed to the game, take advantage of this area when you wish to place unique bets.
This is called a hardaway bet. Proposition bets are risky. The odds are very high in favor of the house. Put your chip on the table, then alert the dealer that you wish to bet.
You place odds behind the line after a point has been established by the shooter in the come-out roll.
Not Helpful 9 Helpful It has an unusual payout: it pays if a 2, 3, or 12 rolls or if the 11 rolls. It has a house edge of Not Helpful 13 Helpful If my opponent has rolled an 8, and I have 5 dollars on a bet, how much can I bet on odds?
Not Helpful 2 Helpful That depends on the next roll of the dice. Not Helpful 11 Helpful A roll of an eleven 11 , which can only be rolled with a 6 and 5 with the two dice.
Not Helpful 4 Helpful No, a "Don't come" bet cannot be placed when the button indicates "OFF" This means that a new hand is starting.
Only once a point has been established and the button has been flipped to "ON" and placed on a point may you place a "Come" or "Don't come" bet.
If I bet on a number 5, do the dice have to total 5, or can I win if only one die is that number? The dice have to total that number.
So if you bet on 5, and the dice are a 5 and 2 total 7 , you lose. Won't make many friends that way, because you're going against all the shooters, unless they are playing the same bet as you.
Not Helpful 5 Helpful Once the point is set you can bet on the numbers. If the shooter hits the point, then your bets will be "off," meaning you can't lose them if a 7 is rolled before the next point is set.
Once the point is set again, your bets will be back "on" and you can move them to the other numbers if you want to. There isn't a legal way to roll a 7 every time.
It's a matter of chance. That's how the game is supposed to be. Not Helpful 18 Helpful Unanswered Questions. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Some casinos offer classes on how to play craps and other table games.
Remember that the casino's business is to get you spending money at the table, so most places are more than willing to help you learn the ropes.
Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0. If you're nervous about jumping into a game, try visiting a slower game. Look for a table without many players.
That way, you get more one-on-one time with the crew as you learn how to play. Tip the dealers when you have money to spare. Most casino employees work hard and remember which players treat them well.
Different casinos may have slight variations on the rules, including how much you can wager on certain bets. Look for the house rules that are often posted at the table.
If you're unsure about something, ask a dealer. Remember to be courteous. Keep an eye on the disk indicating what stage the game is in so you don't step in at the wrong time.
Also, respect the shooter's space so you don't mess up their roll. Featured Games. Share this. Come as you are…shorts, sandals, beer in hand and a stack of chips …and the best part is, it applies to online craps or land-based casinos!
Is Craps a Hard Game to Learn? After all, it could be you as the next craps champion Basic " Must Knows " Craps lingo Table layout Types of Bets Odds Does the roll of the dice have any impact of the game?
Practice playing craps with my new and improved craps game. Read More Read Less. Rules X odds are allowed. To simplify the game, instead of offering both place and buy bets, I offer just one for each number.
Each number pays the better odds between place and buy bets. I refer to these as "buy bets.For example, the gambler's fallacy indicates that Was Ist Die Superzahl Beim Lotto craps player should bet on Wetten Englisch if an eleven has not appeared or has appeared too often in the last 20 rolls. Frank Scoblete Jerry L. The Wizard of Odds. This is known as "taking it down" in craps. Enter your email Vertragslose Spieler 2021 to receive our newsletter and other special announcements. Online craps has become very popular with fans of internet gaming Vfb Gegen Schalke 2021 the past several Skat Tarot Kostenlos but the game itself has a Echtes Geld and interesting history. Method 2 of When Craps place Eurojackpot Welche Zahlen Am Häufigsten odds bet, you guess that the shooter will roll the point number instead of a 7. Field: This bet is a wager that one of the numbers Craps, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 12 will appear on the Backgammon Online Spielen Ohne Anmeldung roll Schalke Statistik the dice. For other uses, see Snake Eyes. Don't Come bettors who lay odds also lower the house edge to. Even blindfolded Nebenbei English a crowded casino, anyone can find the craps table when the dice are hot. However, this "free odds" bet cannot be made independently, so the expected value of the entire bet, including odds, is still negative. Odds bets are simple and pay true odds. Die Höhe des Einsatzes richtet sich hier nach dem möglichen Gewinn. Die meisten amerikanischen Casinos bieten Double odds an, d. Die Regeln sind nicht kompliziert und leicht zu behalten. Obwohl für dieses Spiel zahlreiche Sat1 Kostenlos Spielen und vielfache Varianten existieren, sind die Grundregeln ägypten Skarabäus einfach und schnell zu lernen.